Septic Installation Process

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Western North Carolina is a rural and diverse area with its numerous mountains and valleys. Because of the character of the land here, that means that a large portion of homes are built in areas without access to city water and sewer utilities. When a home is built in an area without access to those utilities, a septic system must be installed instead. Which, in turn, leads us to the question, can a homeowner install a septic system themselves? To better understand this question, let’s take a look at what is required to install a septic system.


Obtain a Local Permit

The first step to even begin installing a waste system is to obtain a permit from your local county office. However, if you hire a professional contractor such as NC Grading & Excavating, we will handle obtaining all the appropriate permits you will need for new construction.


Design Your Septic System

Following obtaining the correct permits, you must then design a septic system that suits the area in which it will be built as well as one that is appropriate for the soil in which it will be installed.

Municipality inspectors from the health department will perk the land and decide on the design you will need based on your soil type. North Carolina has over 400 different kinds of soil, and even on a 1-acre lot, it would surprise you as to how many different types lie within it. Your local health department inspectors will give you strict requirements based on how large your home is going to be, and they must be met.

If you want to ensure that all regulations set forth are adhered to, we recommend that you do not attempt to install a septic system on your own but instead hire a contractor. NC Grading & Excavating will build your inspector’s design strictly to what is set forth based on the unique soil type of your land.

Installation of Septic System

After your design has been created, it is time to begin the heavy work of installing your system to handle all waste from your residential home.

To install your system, you will need to have a large enough tank installed into the ground along with the appropriate drain fields. This is not a task that can be efficiently done with a couple of people and a shovel because it requires heavy equipment such as a backhoe. Even though you can rent heavy machinery, we do not recommend that you do it because it takes a trained operator to excavate, especially on steep slopes.

We factor in all aspects of what will be needed to complete your septic tank installation in your project quote before work ever begins. What could take you weeks to complete on your own we can complete your septic tank installation in two to four days once the permit has been received.

Inspection of Your Septic System

Once your system has been installed, it will be inspected by your local health agency before electrical service can be permanently connected to your home or the system put into use. Your inspector from the county will be looking to see if all their requirements were met for both your health and the safety of the environment.

Septic systems are widespread in North Carolina due to the nature of the land that is within the state, but because of the various types of soils, it is crucial to install the correct system for where your home is being built. The waste that comes from your home can be hazardous to not only you and your family but also the environment, so that is why we do not recommend you attempt to install a septic system on your own. If you have questions about what a septic system is, according to the EPA, here is a link to their Homeowner’s Guide to Septic Systems. NC Grading & Excavating works to install systems to all guidelines set forth from local agencies to the EPA, so if you need a free quote contact us today for more information!


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